The science standards (Earth & Space, Life Sciences, Physical Science, Nature of Science) below were developed by the Mid-continent Research for Education and Learning (McREL). They surveyed and consolidated many national- and state-level efforts to identify what K-12 students should know and be able to do in a variety of subject areas. They also consulted 116 national- and state-level documents that address standards and benchmarks in various subject domains. Click here to see their original document. (Copyright 1997 - 2000; Used with permission).
NOTE that, in some cases, McREL's descriptions of content standards have been modified (i.e., shortened) to better reflect the content of "From the Top of the World... to the Bottom of the Food Web." McREL's full text versions of these standards are available by following links below and clicking on the standard in McREL's database.
  • Designs and conducts a scientific investigation (e.g., formulates hypotheses, designs and executes investigations, interprets data, synthesizes evidence into explanations, proposes alternative explanations for observations, critiques explanations and procedures)
  • Knows possible outcomes of scientific investigations (e.g., some may result in new ideas and phenomena for study; some may generate new methods or procedures for an investigation; some may result in the development of new technologies to improve the collection of data; some may lead to new investigations)
  • Designs and conducts scientific investigations (e.g., formulates testable hypotheses, identifies and clarifies the method, controls, and variables; organizes, displays, and analyzes data; revises methods and explanations; presents results, receives critical reponse from others)