The warm Agulhas Current runs south and west from the Indian Ocean pushing against the near-freezing waters of Antarctica, before meeting the cold Benguela current off the Cape of Good Hope, Africa. To sail against the Agulhas Current can be trickier than sailing with it. race journal

Agulhas Current satellite image From NASA's Earth Observatory, this site provides a brief description of the Agulhas and the type of seas you'll find here. The image on this site is a chlorophyll image illustrating the phytoplankton distribution in this area. You'll notice distinct upwelling to the northwest and significant phytoplankton populations along the southern coast of Africa. Appropriate for grades 7-12 and general audiences.

Agulhas Current Large Marine Ecosystem Brought to you by the Univ. of Rhode Island, this site is a link to a global effort to improve the long-term sustainability of resources and environments of the world's Large Marine Ecosystems. You will find an overview of the Agulhas region that includes a discussion of the productivity, fish and fisheries, ecosystem health and pollution, socioeconomic factors, and governance of the region. Includes numerous other links throughout for more information on sustainability of large marine ecosystems. Appropriate for grade levels 7-12 and general audiences.

Maritime history and the Agulhas From the University of Miami comes this overview of the recorded history of navigating the Agulhas. The top of the page offers an interesting history as recorded by European and Portugese navigators. The content becomes more advanced in both vocabulary and concept as the site moves into a discussion of the oceanographic principles that drive the Agulhas. This site also offers seasonal images and additional links to more Agulhas topics. Historical aspect appropriate for grade levels 7-12 and general audiences.

"Greatest Shoal on Earth" This article from the Florida Museum of Natural History is an exciting account of the great sardine run along the south coast of Africa. You'll find out how the Agulhas Current contributes to this mass movement and who takes part in the chase! This event has many secrets and scientists are launching efforts to better understand why the sardines initiate this event each year. If you need an eye-opener for Monday morning science class, try this article! For images of the sardine run visit the Sardine Run Association. Appropriate for grade levels 5-12 and general audiences.